The patriotic obelisk atop the hill also confuses visitors. Which makes the battle a natural topic for Nathaniel Philbrick, an author drawn to iconic and misunderstood episodes in American history. In his new book, Bunker Hill, he revisits the beginnings of the American Revolution, a subject freighted with more myth, pride and politics than any other in our national narrative. Gazing out from the Bunker Hill Monument—not at charging redcoats but at skyscrapers and clotted traffic—he adds:
The British were trying to keep control of the city and control its valuable seaport. The British decided to take two hills, Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill, in order to gain a tactical advantage.
The American forces heard about it and went to defend the hills. Where did the battle take place? This seems like the easiest question ever, doesn't it?
There were two hills that the British wanted to take in order to be able to bombard the Americans from a distance. These were Breed's Hill and Bunker Hill. Sort of a funny mistake and it makes for a good trick question.
The Americans were led by Colonel William Prescott. Maybe this should have been called the Battle of the Williams! Major John Pitcairn was also one of the British leaders. He was in command of the troops that started the fighting at Lexington that began the Revolutionary War.
From the American side, Israel Putnam was the General in charge. Also, leading patriot Dr. Joseph Warren was part of the battle. He was killed during the fighting.
What happened at the battle? The American forces learned that the British were planning on taking over the hills around Boston in order to gain a tactical advantage. As a result of this information, the Americans secretly moved their troops onto Bunker and Breed's Hill, two unoccupied hills just outside of Boston in Charlestown, Massachusetts.
They built up fortifications during the night and prepared for battle. The next day, when the British realized what had happened, the British attacked.
Their commander William Howe led three charges up Breed's Hill. The Americans fought back the first two charges, but started to run out of ammunition and had to retreat at the third charge.
The British gained the hill, but their costs were great.
Around British were killed and wounded while the Americans did not suffer nearly as many casualties. Battle Map - Click to see larger picture Result of the Battle Although the British won the battle and gained control of the hills, they paid a heavy price.
They lost hundreds of soldiers including several officers. This gave the Americans the courage and confidence that they could stand up to the British in battle. Many more colonists joined the army after this battle and the revolution continued to grow in strength.
Much of the wall they built, called a redoubt, was nearly 6 feet high. British General William Howe was astonished at the American defenses saying "The rebels have done more work in one night than my whole army would have done in one month.
Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. Learn more about the Revolutionary War:At Bunker Hill they had discovered their own prowess, their ability to stand before the regulars; and Bunker Hill became a rallying cry of the patriots in every contest of the war.
Footnotes 1 These figures are given by Frothingham, "Battle of Bunker Hill," pp and The Battle of Bunker Hill: Now We Are at War After years of animosity between the American colonies and Great Britain, the Battles of Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill marked the beginning of war.
This website from the National Park Service describes the background of the revolution and offers pictures and maps that provide a visual lesson .
At Bunker Hill they had discovered their own prowess, their ability to stand before the regulars; and Bunker Hill became a rallying cry of the patriots in every contest of the war. Footnotes 1 These figures are given by Frothingham, "Battle of Bunker Hill," pp and The Battle of Bunker Hill was a battle between the British and Americans during the American Revolutionary War on Breeds Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts.
This battle happened on the 17th June in the year so was very early on in this history changing conflict.
British & American Strategies in the Revolutionary War. This proved difficult though when the British suffered devastating casualties at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June of during the Siege of Boston.
1 thought on “ British & American Strategies in the Revolutionary War ”. The True Story of the Battle of Bunker Hill Nathaniel Philbrick takes on one of the Revolutionary War’s most famous and least understood battles John Trumball's The Death of General Warren at.