Over the first six weeks of life, these reflexes begin to become voluntary actions. For example, the palmar reflex becomes intentional grasping. The main focus is still on the infant's body". Also at this phase, passive reactions, caused by classical or operant conditioningcan begin.
April 11, 11 Minutes This essay seeks to critically evaluate my role as a child observer. Drawing on two or more theories of child development, I will look at the main theoretical concept and critically evaluate in relation to my observation.
Throughout the essay, I will critically examine and reflect on the process of undertaking my observation. And finally, issues of ethics and anti- oppressive practises will be discussed. All three observations took place at the day-centre she attends.
The day-care centre gave me permission to observe her, but not to interact and interfere with her educational activities. As this was my first observation, I was a bit anxious about how Sara might react about me watching her, and while her parents consented about the observations, Sara did not know that I am here to observe her; it is this scenario that made me uncomfortable.
I was particularly more concerned about the ethical issues of not informing Sara about the observation. In common with anyone who is undertaking child observations, I was quite unsure where to start and how to conduct myself.
I was anxious watching Sara in such an intimate way, and thought this could be intrusive to her personal space. For example; early in the observation, Sara was not talking and was mostly sitting quietly and I did not want to upset her.
But most importantly, the fact that Sara was the same racial background as mine made my observation a difficult one, because I was not sure whether I would get adequate learning about anti-discriminatory practice.
However, because this kind of feeling is common among student child observers, gave me some comfort and internal support. McMahon, During the first 29 minutes of my observations, Sara was not talking at all. I moved closer so that I could see and hear her better. Sara looked up and then smiled at me.
I did not know whether Sara talks or not, but to my ignorance I expected three and half years olds to speak at this stage. To my surprise at Sara is three and half years old and still is not talking, she says very few words and she seemed to be way behind compared with her peers.
So what is normal child development? Avan and Kirkwood, While Freud highlights the importance aspects of child development, critics would point out that his tendency to focus on sexual urges to explain his concepts.
Another weakness is that the theory seems to be Eurocentric and does not take into account none European cultures. I did not understand why Sara was not able to talk; I was comparing her with my son who was able to talk by the age of two.
Why do we need to know child development? A good knowledge of child development and understanding theories that underpin such knowledge is essential, because it allows us to understand the concept of child development, hence theories of child development.
Similarly, understanding theories of language development can help us identify how children such as Sara develop their own language and communication skills. It is therefore important that Social workers understand the process of human growth and how children such as Sara acquire language acquisition.
Doherty and Hughes, Behaviourism focuses on the process of language acquisition, it suggest that children learn through observation and reinforcement. Behaviourist such as Watson and B. Clearly, Sara used language to label objects of interest to her.
In one occasion, I observed Sara naming shapes. When I enquired how Sara learned these, objects, I was told she uses ipad at home. Thus, theoretical knowledge is the key to effective intervention and good assessment when assessing children in need and their families.
The observation and my ongoing learning of aspect of human growth module allowed me to become aware of positions of power and how such power can impact child development. For example, parents or staff at day-care centres or even a social worker abusing their power when dealing with children.
Furthermore, while this perspective emphasis on nurturing through reinforcement, in contrast, nativist proponent such as Noam Chomsky would argue that children have their own way of learning language without being reinforced by adults. Before the observation, I rarely thought and tried to find out how children develop their language skills.
But having read the deference perspectives about children development helped me understand and gave me a basic knowledge about child development. He argued that children learn by example, they tend to copy the language or behaviour they see or hear being used around them.Cognitive Development Essay Examples.
58 total results. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. words. An Analysis of Children Between the Age of Two to Six in the Observation of Activities Ranging From Physical and Motor to Social and Cognitive Development.
1, words. Math Methodology is a three part series on instruction, assessment, and curriculum. Sections contains relevant essays and resources: Part 1: Math Methodology: Instruction The Instruction Essay (Page 1 of 3) on this page contains the following subsections: Introduction to Teaching Challenges.
Piaget and Vygotsky: The Psychology of Cognitive Development - This essay concerns the psychology of cognitive development. Cognitive development can be explained in terms of the acquisition, construction and progressive change in thought processes such as memory, problem-solving and decision-making that occurs from childhood to .
Human Development Observations And Reflective Children And Young People Essay Introduction. This essay is going to give a critical reflection of human development theories. It will compare and contrast human development theories, linking the theories to the events observed of a child aged three and a half years in a nursery setting, over six.
Piaget's () theory of cognitive development explains how a child constructs a mental model of the world. He disagreed with the idea that intelligence was a fixed trait, and regarded cognitive development as a process which occurs due to biological maturation and . This easy is going to explain the development of cognitive approach to educational psychology, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and the educational implication of Piaget’s theory.
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