EPI believes every working person deserves a good job with fair pay, affordable health care, and retirement security. To achieve this goal, EPI conducts research and analysis on the economic status of working America. EPI proposes policies that protect and improve the economic conditions of low- and middle-income workers and assesses policies with respect to how they affect those workers.
We ask you to do this by linking back to our original story. HTML for this article, including the attribution and page view counter, is below: So what you eat also matters, not just how much you can eat.
What are the issues here? Typically within countries there is a lot of variation as well. If you go to countries like Romania for example, you will see that the average share of income that consumers spend on food is actually quite high.
Particularly for some vulnerable groups, these are numbers which are not so far away from some developing countries. Which essentially means there are still a lot of poor people in the EU. Food security is a real issue for them. I mean, studies show that there are all kinds of factors that affect food security but the number one factor is really income.
And other factors are, for example, investments in health infrastructure, sanitation and water infrastructure, and education, which all seem to be important. Poorer countries have more food security problems; richer countries have fewer.
But if you are in the middle of a war or in the middle of a major civil conflict, it may be that you have very acute food security problems, even if you are a relatively high-income country. Syria, Libya, parts of Ukraine.
What have you found so far? One example that often comes up is that we give about EUR 50 billion a year to our farmers in the EU. That has been reformed now and so the impact of the European agricultural subsidies on the world market is much less. Now, a lot of the worries in the world are that the prices are too high and that poor people are suffering.
So there is an inconsistency in that argument. And actually these people are probably better off with higher food prices because they get more by selling their food at a higher price and this gives them money.
We have done quite a bit of work on this, on our major retailers sourcing their vegetables from Africa. Basically the African farmers have a hard time dealing with it because it can impose all kinds of requirements, but we also find that if the farmers can upgrade the income effects can be quite large, which can actually mean the difference between being in poverty and out of poverty.
People can think that factor A is important, factor B is important, factor C is important, but the question is how important are they? This is really essential to understand if one thinks about drawing implications for policy. What role can EU research and innovation play in this?
These things may appear contradictory but the idea would be to find a way to make them consistent rather than contradictory. In rich countries particularly if we look at the amount of resources that goes into research and development in food systems and agriculture, the majority of that is in the private sector.
We see also that the private sector - by both investing in developing countries and buying products from there - is very active and has a big impact on the ground.
These investments have really been too low in the past decade and we need to turn that around. And of course Europe can help by financing some of that.
Please copy the above code and embed it onto your website to republish. Swinnen says access to good quality nutritious food is necessary for food security. What do we mean when we talk about food security?The New Press is a nonprofit public-interest book publisher.
Your gift will support The New Press in continuing to leverage books for social change. An insightful map of the landscape of social meals, Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality argues that the ways in which Americans eat together play a central role in social life in the United States.
Delving into a wide range of research, Alice P. Julier analyzes etiquette and entertaining books from the past century and conducts. The Hunger Report is the Institute's largest annual analysis of the state of world hunger. The Hunger Report demonstrates that poor health is a leading cause of hunger and poverty.
I. Empirical View I.1 Inequality of Food Consumption in France and England. Before modern technology increased the productivity of the agricultural sector, food was very scarce in both England and France.
An insightful map of the landscape of social meals, Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality argues that the ways in which Americans eat together play a central role in social life in the United States. Delving into a wide range of research, Alice P.
Julier analyzes etiquette and entertaining books from the past century and conducts interviews and observations of dozens of hosts and.
Sep 03, · During the 20 th century, the United States experienced two major trends in income distribution. The first, termed the "Great Compression" by economists Claudia Goldin of .