Gli anni giovanili[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] Nelson Mandela a 19 anni. La scelta era molto delicata:
Oliver Tambo, and Nelson Mandela the latter two briefly had a joint law practice in Johannesburg. He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to build support Nelson mendala nonviolent means of protest against the discriminatory laws.
In he was involved in drafting the Freedom Chartera document calling for nonracial social democracy in South Africa. Starting inhe was intermittently banned severely restricted in travel, association, and speech.
In December he was arrested with more than other people on charges of treason that were designed to harass antiapartheid activists. Mandela went on trial that same year and eventually was acquitted in During the extended court proceedings, he divorced his first wife and married Nomzamo Winifred Madikizela Winnie Madikizela-Mandela.
Underground activity and the Rivonia Trial After the massacre of Nelson mendala black South Africans by police forces at Sharpeville in and the subsequent banning of the ANC, Mandela abandoned his nonviolent stance and began advocating acts of sabotage against the South African regime.
In he went to Algeria for training in guerrilla warfare and sabotage, returning to South Africa later that year. On August 5, shortly after his return, Mandela was arrested at a road block in Natal ; he was subsequently sentenced to five years in prison.
In October the imprisoned Mandela and several other men were tried for sabotage, treason, and violent conspiracy in the infamous Rivonia Trial, named after a fashionable suburb of Johannesburg where raiding police had discovered quantities of arms and equipment at the headquarters of the underground Umkhonto we Sizwe.
His speech garnered international attention and acclaim and was published later that year as I Am Prepared to Die. On June 12,he was sentenced to life imprisonment, narrowly escaping the death penalty.
He was subsequently kept at the maximum-security Pollsmoor Prison untilwhen, after being treated for tuberculosishe was transferred to Victor Verster Prison near Paarl.
The South African government periodically made conditional offers of freedom to Mandela, most notably inon the condition that he recognize the newly independent—and highly controversial—status of the Transkei Bantustan and agree to reside there. An offer made in required that he renounce the use of violence.
Mandela refused both offers, the second on the premise that only free men were able to engage in such negotiations and, as a prisoner, he was not a free man. Nelson Mandela speaking from his jail cell in this video from the apartheid era that discusses the struggle for racial equality in South Africa.
Shortly after his release, Mandela was chosen deputy president of the ANC ; he became president of the party in July Mandela led the ANC in negotiations with de Klerk to end apartheid and bring about a peaceful transition to nonracial democracy in South Africa.
In he oversaw the enactment of a new democratic constitution. Mandela resigned his post with the ANC in Decembertransferring leadership of the party to his designated successor, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela and Madikizela-Mandela had divorced inand in Mandela married Graca Machelthe widow of Samora Machelthe former Mozambican president and leader of Frelimo.
Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela, After leaving office Mandela retired from active politics but maintained a strong international presence as an advocate of peace, reconciliation, and social justiceoften through the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, established in He was a founding member of the Eldersa group of international leaders established in for the promotion of conflict resolution and problem solving throughout the world.
In Mandela was feted with several celebrations in South Africa, Great Britain, and other countries in honour of his 90th birthday. The autobiography Long Walk to Freedom, which chronicles his early life and years in prison, was published in An unfinished draft of his second volume of memoirs was completed by Mandla Langa and released posthumously as Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Dec 05, · Nelson Mandela’s Extraordinary Life: An Interactive Timeline.
By TIME Staff Dec. 05, Share. Condolence books. Mourners signed condolence books that were available at the Union Buildings, Parliament, Government departments and South African embassies and missions.
Nelson Mandela Museum will become abuzz with activities to celebrate heritage month and a centenary of Nelson Mandela and Albertina Sisulu. The identified activities will be held at the Nelson Mandela Museum Youth and Heritage Centre in Qunu and at Walter Sisulu Universities Zamukulungisa site in .
Dec 05, · Nelson Mandela, the revered statesman who emerged from prison after 27 years to lead South Africa out of decades of apartheid, has died. The Mandela House strives to be a world-class visitor attraction, and a leading centre for the preservation, presentation, and research of the history, heritage and legacy of the great Mandela Family.
Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first black president in , following a year anti-apartheid campaign. Read more about his life and legacy, and explore videos, photos and more, at.