Although natural disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them happening, there are many different natural causes that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of these causes enables us to be better prepared when such disasters do arrive.
A natural disaster is any natural phenomenon which causes such widespread human material or environmental losses that the stricken community cannot recover without external assistance.
The Indian sub-continent is prone to several types of natural disasters. These disasters take a heavy toll on human lives and resources causing economic, environment and social losses.
Natural disasters affect the rural community the most, as they are vulnerable to economic changes, and have no alternate means of livings.
Natural disasters destroy infrastructure, cause mass migration, reduction in food and fodder supplies and sometimes leads to drastic situations like starvation. Floods Floods are a regular feature of Eastern India where the Himalayan rivers flood large parts of its catchments areas, uprooting houses, disrupting livelihoods and damaging infrastructure.
The rivers originating in the Himalayas carry a lot of sediment and cause erosion of the banks in the upper reaches and over-topping in the lower segments.
The most flood-prone areas are the Brahmaputra and Gangetic basins in the Indo-Gangetic plains. The other flood-prone areas are the north-west region with the rivers Narmada and Tapti, Central India and the Deccan region with rivers like the Mahanadi, Krishna and Kauveri.
The floods in Bihar in were one of the worst the country has seen. Floods in urban areas are rare. Streets do fill up with water, but drainage systems are usually in place to take care of excessive water logging.
The rapid and constant development of the city and the flouting of rules and regulations caused blockage and choking of the Mithi river that flows through a part of the city and used to carry off excess water to the sea.
Violations of coastal regulation zone rules, development on green and no- development zones, building on areas marked for parks and open spaces all of this ensured that what little open space the city now had was not enough to absorb heavy rain.
An ancient and badly maintained drainage system added to the problem. Drought Inmore than eight states suffered the impact of severe drought.
Cyclones The states most exposed to cyclone-related hazards, including strong winds, floods and storm surges, are West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu along the Bay of Bengal. The impact of these cyclones is confined to the coastal districts, the maximum destruction being within km from the centre of the cyclone and on either side of the storm track.
The worst devastation takes place when and where the peak surge occurs at the time of the high tide. The population density in some of the coastal districts is as high as persons per square km. Cyclones have a devastating effect on the economy and lives of the people in the affected districts.
A very large population in the affected districts loose its source of livelihood. Public infrastructure suffers extensive damage. The economy of the state suffers a serious setback. This has an adverse impact on the development of the state.
Some of the most devastating earthquakes in India in the past include the Kashmir earthquake inthe Kutch earthquakes andthe Shillong earthquake ofthe Kangra earthquake ofthe Bihar-Nepal earthquake ofthe North-East and Assam earthquake ofthe Anjar earthquake in Gujarat of, etc. What made the earthquake more tragic was that many parts of the state were reeling under a drought for the second successive year.
Kutch was facing drinking water and fodder scarcity. Men had migrated for work leaving women and children behind. Thus it was the poorest and the most vulnerable who were affected. The peninsular part of India comprises continental crust regions, which are considered stable as they are far from the tectonic activity of the boundaries.
Although these regions were considered seismically least active, an earthquake that occurred in Latur in Maharashtra on September 30,measuring 6. Tsunami One of the most devastating disasters of the 21st century was the Asian tsunami that wreaked havoc in 11 countries on December A tsunami is a series of ocean waves generated by sudden disturbances in the sea floor, landslides, or volcanic activity.
In the ocean, the tsunami wave may only be a few inches high typically cmbut as they race onto shallow water regions their speed diminishes which results in increase in the height of the wave.
When it finally reaches the coast, a tsunami may appear as a series of massive breaking waves. Experts warn that as a consequence of climate change, natural disasters like floods from rising sea levels, droughts and heavy rainfall will increase, impacting peoples and economies more dramatically than before.
Developing countries that do not have proper preventive and coping strategies in place will suffer the most.There have been natural disasters that have occurred in every country on every continent in the world that you could write about for your natural disasters essay.
Your summary should sum up all of these disasters and you should then make some personal comments about how we could prevent harm from some of these in the future or even suggest disasters that may have a bigger impact on us in the future.5/5.
Natural disasters include cyclones, earthquakes, floods, drought (though these two are now being increasingly considered ‘man- made’ disasters) heat and cold waves, landslides, avalanches, flash floods, severe thunderstorms, hail, low level wind shears, and microburst.
Essay on natural disasters in words in hindi class 9. words college essay examples descriptive writing 14th amendment essay bill of rights applied to states history short essay on healthy eating not words essay on newspaper yoga 14th amendment essay due . Writing sample of essay on a given topic "Natural Disaster Management" Natural disaster management Disaster management is the process of creating strategies aimed at limiting vulnerability to hazards and manages disasters such as natural disasters.
Revisions on the NDRRMP are to be made depending on the observations of concerned sectors to achieve the goals in the most effective way.
The Philippines have very good established disaster preparedness plans and in fact, it is considered as one of the well-prepared countries when it comes to natural disasters. Natural disasters: Natural disasters are natural events that cause the loss of lives and property.
Sometimes hundreds and thousands are killed, and millions of dollars of property are destroyed.