They can be used in isolation or simultaneously and are manipulated by the performer for dramatic effect.
Friedrich Nietzsche — was a literary and social critic, not a systematic philosopher. In ethics, the chief target of his criticism was the Judeo-Christian tradition.
In the family moved to Naumburg on the Saale Riverwhere Nietzsche attended a private preparatory schoolthe Domgymnasium.
He excelled academically and received an outstanding classical education there. Having graduated inhe went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumannthe German Romantic composer.
In he transferred to the University of Leipzigjoining Ritschl, who had accepted an appointment there. He began military service in October in the cavalry company of an artillery regiment, sustained a serious chest injury while mounting a horse in Marchand resumed his studies in Leipzig in October while on extended sick leave from the military.
Basel years —79 When a professorship in classical philology fell vacant in in BaselSwitzerlandRitschl recommended Nietzsche with unparalleled praise. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless.
In the University of Leipzig conferred the doctorate without examination or dissertation on the strength of his published writings, and the University of Basel appointed him extraordinary professor of classical philology.
The following year Nietzsche was promoted to ordinary professor. Nietzsche obtained a leave to serve as a volunteer medical orderly in Augustafter the outbreak of the Franco-German War.
Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheriawhich ruined his health permanently. He returned to Basel in October to resume a heavy teaching load, but as early as ill health prompted him to seek relief from the stultifying chores of a professor of classical philology; he applied for the vacant chair of philosophy and proposed Rohde as his successor, all to no avail.
By the breach between the two men had become final.
A speculative rather than exegetical work, it argued that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter representing unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy.
Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. Cornford wrote in It remains a classic in the history of aesthetics to this day.
Because his health deteriorated steadily, he resigned his professorial chair on June 14,and was granted a pension of 3, Swiss francs per year for six years. Decade of isolation and creativity —89 Apart from the books Nietzsche wrote between andit is doubtful that his life held any intrinsic interest.
Seriously ill, half-blind, in virtually unrelenting pain, he lived in boarding houses in Switzerland, the French Riviera, and Italy, with only limited human contact. As with most of his works, it received little attention. Twilight of the Idols appeared in ; The Antichrist and Nietzsche contra Wagner were not published untilthe former mistakenly as book one of The Will to Power; and Ecce Homo was withheld from publication until20 years after its composition.
Collapse and misuse Nietzsche collapsed in the streets of TurinItaly, in Januaryhaving lost control of his mental faculties completely. Bizarre but meaningful notes he sent immediately after his collapse brought his friend Franz Overbeck, a Christian theologian, to Italy to return Nietzsche to Basel.
He died in Although the cause of his breakdown remains uncertain, informed opinion favours a diagnosis of atypical general paralysis caused by dormant tertiary syphilis.
She also committed petty forgeries. Generations of commentators were misled. In his mature writings Nietzsche was preoccupied by the origin and function of values in human life. If, as he believed, life neither possesses nor lacks intrinsic value and yet is always being evaluated, then such evaluations can usefully be read as symptoms of the condition of the evaluator.
He was especially interested, therefore, in a probing analysis and evaluation of the fundamental cultural values of Western philosophyreligionand moralitywhich he characterized as expressions of the ascetic ideal.By Leslie Evans.
It is with a certain sadness that I come to write this. George Bernard Shaw, through his plays, was one of my early heroes. I knew only the good of him then. George Bernard Shaw was born on July 26, , in Dublin, Ireland, to George Carr Shaw, a civil servant, and Lucinda Elizabeth Gurly Shaw, an aspiring singer and music teacher.
He was the third and youngest child in the family with two elder tranceformingnlp.com Of Birth: Dublin. Introduction Early life and career. George Bernard Shaw was the third and youngest child (and only son) of George Carr Shaw and Lucinda Elizabeth Gurly Shaw.
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure. It was first presented on stage to the public in It was first presented on stage to the public in In ancient Greek mythology, Pygmalion fell in love with one of his sculptures, which then came to life.
George Bernard Shaw Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early life. George Bernard Shaw was born on July 26, , in Portobello, Dublin. He was the youngest child in his family and had three older sisters.
George Bernard Shaw () was born in Dublin, the son of a civil servant. His education was irregular, due to his dislike of any organized training. After working in an estate agent’s office for a while he moved to London as a young man (), where he established himself as a leading music.