This has sparked a discussion of the ethics of prescribing placebos in particular and deception in general in medicine. A placebo is a biologically inactive treatment, such as a sugar pill.
Benevolent deception Benevolent Deception The principle of respect for autonomy does not apply to people not in a position to act in an autonomous manner.
This means that infants, suicidal people, and drug-dependent patients may be validly controlled on the grounds of beneficence to protect them from harm. One form of paternalism is benevolent deception, in which the clinician purposely withholds information because, in his or her judgment, the information may be too upsetting for the patient.
But public outrage when this practice was exposed led to including parents and others in the decision-making process. But a number of studies have shown that patients do want to know the truth. In response to this, some medical schools have started teaching students how to break bad news to patients.
When the Oregon physician-assisted suicide statute became law, nurses opposed to suicide on moral grounds were concerned about their ability to exercise their professional autonomy The ethics of benevolent deception essay abandoning their patient.
The standard of due care specifies the principle of nonmaleficence. Negligence is the departure from the standard of due care toward patients and includes intentionally imposing unreasonable risks as well as unintentionally imposing risks through carelessness.
Professional malpractice is negligence in which the standards of care have not been met. The debate about forgoing life-sustaining treatment also falls within the category of nonmaleficence.
Caregivers, patients, and families may worry about the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment because they think a therapy once begun cannot be stopped. But in some cases it is only after a treatment has been started that a proper diagnosis and prognosis can be made.
Patients or their surrogates have the right to forgo treatment at any time under the principle of respect for autonomy. This is true for do-not-resuscitate orders, as well as other treatments. Each treatment should be evaluated individually for appropriateness according to the burdens vs.
Patients who are unconscious or mentally incompetent but who completed an advance directive in the past can have their treatment wishes known through that document. There are two forms: The laws governing living wills vary from state to state.
In some, the living will is in effect only if the patient is terminally ill and death is imminent. A durable power of attorney for health care DPAHC is a statute passed by state legislatures that authorizes people to appoint a surrogate decision maker to make health care decisions for them if they become unable to do so.
The surrogate named should be a person who knows the wishes of the patient and can express them to clinicians if the patient is unconscious or mentally incompetent. A persistent vegetative state is a loss of self-aware cognition in which wake and sleep cycles and other autonomic functions remain intact, lasting at least a month.
Court should be the last resort. But some treatments can be double-edged. As long as relief of pain, not the death of the patient, was the goal, providing adequate pain control for patients with terminal illness can be justified under the principle of double effect.
The guiding elements of this principle are that the course chosen must be good, good must not follow as a consequence of a secondary harmful effect, harm must never be intended, and the good must outweigh the harm. But the term futility has been used both to express value judgments about what is worth the effort as well as scientific judgments.
Treatment may justifiably be withheld or withdrawn in patients whose quality of life is so low that the treatment produces more harm than benefit for them.
But justified criteria should be required in the evaluation of burdens and benefits so that arbitrary decisions that could threaten the rights of disabled patients are not made.
This may be because they are severely disabled or terminally ill. Physician-assisted suicide refers to the death that a mentally competent person chooses and causes by self-administering a medication that the physician prescribes but does not administer.
Physician-assisted suicide is distinct from euthanasia, in which the physician administers the medication to a requesting or unconscious patient. The topics of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia inevitably prompt discussion of the slippery slope. The slippery slope refers to the idea that acceptance of one act or step makes the next one more acceptable.
If decision makers judge that certain newborns and elderly adults have burdensome lives or that their lives are of no value, this same argument can be made for other groups of frail and debilitated patients who pose financial burdens on their families and society.
The principle of beneficence is a primary goal of nurses and other health care providers. In some situations, the principle of respect for patient autonomy may conflict with the principle of beneficence.
Patients may be justifiably detained if they are at risk of preventable harm, especially if the action will prevent the harm, if the benefits outweigh the harm, and if the least autonomy-restrictive method to reduce the risk is employed.
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a referral to the institution’s ethics committee can be made. Court should be the last resort. Free coursework on Benevolent Deception from tranceformingnlp.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing. Tel: Free Coursework.
Home. Coursework. Coursework b. a referral to the institution’s ethics committee can be made. Court should be the last resort. Benevolent Deception Essay - A practice commonly used in the medical field, “benevolent deception” is the act of physicians suppressing information about diagnoses in hopes of not causing patients emotional turmoil (Skloot 63).
The Ethics of Benevolent Deception Essay Words | 8 Pages A practice commonly used in the medical field, “benevolent deception” is the act of physicians suppressing information about diagnoses in hopes of not causing patients emotional turmoil (Skloot 63).
A recent study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine and featured in a Time Magazine article, indicated that of academic physicians in the Chicago area, 45% indicated that they have prescribed a placebo for a patient. This has sparked a discussion of the ethics of prescribing placebos in particular and deception in general in medicine.
The Ethics of Benevolent Deception Essay Words 8 Pages A practice commonly used in the medical field, “benevolent deception” is the act of physicians suppressing information about diagnoses in hopes of not causing patients emotional turmoil (Skloot 63).