Citing quotes in essays reinforces writers' arguments, adds weight to discussion and introduces interesting new concepts. It is important to correctly reference any ideas that are drawn from others to avoid plagiarism, whether they are direct quotes or reworded concepts. The Harvard referencing system is very commonly used.
The proper way to cite the author is to list their last name, date of publication of the idea or words, and the page reference. It would look like this: You can also cite the author in the text by saying: Page Number reported…… If there are two authors it would be: Author 1 and Author 2 Date concluded…….
If there are more than two authors, it is best to shorthand it by saying Author 1 et al. Sometimes, it is not an author but an organisation that you are quoting like NHS, etc. Unless the organisation does list an author as part of the source, which you would then use, you will need to list the organisation.
Spell it out rather than abbreviating it the first time you use the organisation within your essay to help you reader understand who you are referencing. There are other cases that involve clearly citing secondary sources like this: Author Date said………… cited in Author, Date: If it turns out that the author is not clearly indicated, then you will need to list it as Anon.
Page numbers can be done different ways: Back to contents When you do this, you must ensure you have copied exactly, word for word and even down to the punctuation.
It is important to minimise the use of direct quotations because the purpose of an essay is to use your critical thinking skills to create the argument and quotes are only there to supplement or build your argument.
To use direct quotes, you should start off with a way of introducing it: Author states that… The following quote illustrates this when it says…. Indirect quotes Besides quoting directly, you can also paraphrase authors or summarise their ideas. Here is the difference between paraphrasing and summarising: You take out everything except the main idea, making this even briefer than paraphrasing.
If it covers several pages or a whole chapter, you can list these instead of just the one page number. If the quote contains less than twenty words, it can be integrated into your sentence with quote marks without having to start a new line or indent the quote.
You may need to adapt the quote to make sure it works in terms of grammar and context, which would mean having to use square brackets where you have created clarification and removed words. Long quotes Sometimes, the quotes you want to use in your essay will be longer than 20 words, which means that you will need to introduce it with a colon, remove quote marks, and then indent the quote.
Before you just start resorting to quotes this long, you need to ask yourself if it really contributes to the essay argument. If you do still want to use it, there are two options to consider: Use the quote as it is: This means that you cannot shorten the quote without losing its meaning or confusing the reader.
It is important to keep it all in for maximum effect. You can consider that some of the words may be unnecessary so these can be removed by replacing them with three dots an ellipsis if they are in the middle of the sentence or four dots if they are at the end of a sentence.
Reference list At the end of your essay, you will need to list all of the sources you used in your essay. This is very important to your essay as it shows all the references and information you used to validate your argument.
It is important to also list these so that the reader has all the information they need to go find these sources themselves if they need to consult them or want to verify anything.
While there may be some specific instructions from your tutor or university, which you should always check first, there are some general rules about your reference list: It always goes at the end of your essay but before any appendices that you may have included.
Do not separate books, journals, and websites from each other unless specifically requested to do so. Ensure that you have followed the specified reference style provided by your university or tutor. Use space between each reference on the list for readability purposes.
Bibliography versus reference list Students often get confused about the differences between bibliographies and reference lists.If you encounter argumentative essays or any kind of essays that require you to prove your point, use direct quotes instead. Next, on the list about how to write dialogue in an essay, we will talk about the dialogue essays format etiquettes.
Effectively Using Direct Quotations (printable version here) Use a Quotation: make sentences smoothly flow from your words to those quoted, as in these examples that follow MLA format: APA, or Chicago guides at the library for details).
Even some of the printed handbooks in the Writing Center have different rules for this type of.
Nov 09, · If you use a direct quote. Nope! Direct quotes only need quotation marks. When using a direct quote, it is imperative that you copy it word for word. Quote in MLA format. To quote in a research paper in APA style, use in-text parenthetical citations at the end of quotes that have the author's last name and the year the text was 86%(40).
The three rules of dialogue essays format; Writing dialogue in essays in MLA or APA format; A dialogue is, essentially, a conversation between people.
you are basically using direct quotes - in the form of a dialogue. If you use it as an integral part of the paper, the dialogue becomes a creative component of your work.
So, the difference. Citing quotes in essays reinforces writers' arguments, adds weight to discussion and introduces interesting new concepts. It is important to correctly reference any ideas that are drawn from others to avoid plagiarism, whether they are direct quotes or reworded concepts.
If you stumble upon an argumentative essay, we advise you to use direct quotes instead. Argumentative essays, for example, are supposed to support a claim.
This is no place to tell a story. Your argument will seem weaker if you use dialogue instead of direct quotes. For APA format, dialogue essays are less straightforward compared to MLA.