Bruce Ismayand the American financier J. The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunardwhich had recently launched the Lusitania and the Mauretania —the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd. Ismay preferred to compete on size rather than speed and proposed to commission a new class of liners that would be larger than anything that had gone before as well as being the last word in comfort and luxury. Teutonic was replaced by Olympic while Majestic was replaced by Titanic.
The largest vessel at the, she was equipped with the finest luxuries and latest technology of her time. On her maiden voyage, the Titanic left with 2, passengers and made its way across the Atlantic ocean toward its destination.
Temperatures began dropping during the voyage and captain Edward J. Smith had received iceberg warnings over the radio and adjusted the course of the Titanic slightly South.
Marconi radio operators Jack Phillips and Harold Bride had received iceberg warnings via wireless radio, but since they were employed by Marconi and given the task to relay messages to and from passengers, they were not focused on relaying ice messages to the bridge.
What happened next would forever change history. The iceberg had caused the hull to buckle in multiple places, shooting out the rivets and causing the first five watertight compartments to flood. The weight from the filling compartments weighed the ship down so that more compartments began to flood.
Shortly after midnight on April 15, the Titanic lifeboats were ordered to be released and a distress call was sent out. Theories suggest that the ship was either the Californian or a sealer called the Sampson. Despite their attempts, the ship never responded. Titanic Lifeboats The first lifeboat launched was Lifeboat 7 on the starboard side with 28 people on board out of a possible Lifeboat 6 and 5 were launched shortly after or at least this is what is believed by the British Inquiry.
Lifeboat 1 was the fifth lifeboat, Lifeboat 11 was overloaded with 70 people. A strict women and children first policy was enacted and men were only allowed to board if oarsmen were needed. Many individuals were reluctant to get onto tiny lifeboats, leaving the false sense of security of remaining on the Titanic.
People on deck began jumping overboard in hopes of reaching a lifeboat. The electrical system failed, the ship broke into two pieces, and the bow went under. A few minutes later at about 2: For those who jumped overboard in hopes of being rescued by a lifeboat, hope was dim.
Only two of the 18 lifeboats launched picked people up after the rescue. The two severed pieces of the glorious titanic acted very differently as they plummeted toward the ocean floor.
The bow sunk relatively peacefully, as it was already filled with water. The bow of the Titanic is now embedded 60 feet in the bottom of the ocean floor. Just under four hours after the disaster the RMS Carpathia arrived in the area and began rescuing survivors.
Titanic by Craig Fraser Possible Reasons for the Titanic Sinking Titanic Construction One of the possible reasons for the Titanic sinking may have been the materials used in the construction of the Titanic.
It was initially thought that the iceberg had cut a hole in the side of the Titanic, but further research shows that it had actually caused the hull to buckle in multiple places allowing water to enter between her steel plates.
Analysis of the plating from the Titanic wreck found that it was of a metallurgy that loses its elasticity and becomes brittle in icy water. Another factor may have been the quality of the rivets holding the hull together. Scientists found that the rivets contained a high concentration of slag.
A side product of smelting, slag can make rivets brittle and the company had a shortage of skilled riveters, a trade that took great skill. Turning Ability Construction of the rudders on the Titanic met the requirements of a ship her size, but the design was far from revolutionary.
BBC History research showed that the rudder of the Titanic was an exact copy of an century sailing ship showing a great lack of technical development. Little thought was put into how a ship of the size of the Titanic would maneuver out of the way of something like an iceberg for example.
Another factor contributing to the limited maneuverability of the Titanic was her triple screw engine configuration. This setup had steam engines driving her wing propellers and a steam turbine driving her central propeller. The turbine engine was not reversible although the steam engines were.
Orientation of Impact Many believe that the Titanic could have been saved if she had hit the iceberg head on. The bow of the Titanic was naturally stronger and that the impact would have only affected one or two of the watertight compartments the ship could stay afloat with as many as 4 flooded.The world was shocked when the Titanic hit an iceberg at p.m.
on April 14, , and sunk just a few hours later at am on April 15, The "unsinkable" ship RMS Titanic sank on its maiden voyage, losing at least 1, lives (some accounts say even more), making it one of the deadliest maritime disasters in history.
Titanic ' s sinking has become a cultural phenomenon, commemorated by artists, film-makers, writers, composers, musicians and dancers from the time immediately after the sinking to the present day.
On 1 September , a joint US-French expedition led by Robert Ballard found the wreck of Titanic,  and the ship's rediscovery led to an. Titanic ' s sinking has become a cultural phenomenon, commemorated by artists, film-makers, writers, composers, musicians and dancers from the time immediately after the sinking to the present day.
May 30, · On April 10, the RMS Titanic, one of the largest and most luxurious ocean liners ever built, departed Southampton, England, on its maiden voyage across the Atlantic Ocean.
The Titanic sinking transpired over two and a half hours which was relatively fast for a ship of such size. Titanic carried people of all ages, genders and class that fateful night, and only escaped in lifeboats and later rescued by the RMS Carpathia. people died in the icy waters. Molly Brown avoids sinking with the Titanic A 20th century version of the strong and resourceful women of the Wild West, Molly Brown wins lasting fame by surviving the sinking of the Titanic.